The Shinto shrine
In Japan, many religions exist but the main two are Shintoism and Buddhism.
These two religions have much in common and are not mutually exclusive doctrines.
It is known that Shinto is native to Japan as Buddhism (Japan) comes from China via Korea.
Shinto has faith to worship the shrine.
As pray a shrine to the New Year’s Day, “pray” is one of our life.
1.Torii – 鳥居
“Torii” is a traditional Japanese gate.
It is a “door” that allows passage between the earthly and the divine world.
Before crossing a “Torii”, we must bow in reverence. Idem when we come out again.
“Torii” , such as “Inari shrine” is vermilion , it is the ancient times in order that color has been used a lot in such temple as prevent disaster represents the dynamism of life , this is also affect the Torii .
“Sando” is the name given to a lane which joins a sanctuary. This path part of the sanctuary, the sacred place, begins very naturally from a torii.
If it is the main aisle of the sanctuary, its name will be “Omote Sando” and its torii will be the “ichi no torii” (first torii, the main torii).
“Omote Sando” was and is still used in processions, “matsuri” and other events related to the sanctuary.
Do not walk in the center of Omote Sando, it is the place of Kamisama.
3.Toro – 灯籠
“Toro” is the name given to a Japanese lantern.
It can be made of stone, wood or metal.
In Japan, they were originally used only in Buddhist temples and aligned, they served to illuminate a path.
They were then regarded as offerings to the Buddha.
Gradually, from the Heian period, they have been used in Shinto shrines and in private houses.
To return to the sanctuary, Toro along the driveway in general “Sando”.
We also found scattered around in the sanctuary if it is vast. They can also decorate landscaped areas or gardens of the sanctuary.
4.Chozuya – 手水舎
The “Chozuya” or “temizuya” is a small pavilion that is more or less close to the main buildings of the sanctuary.
It houses a pool of water where visitors engage in a purification ritual.
Visitors use “hishaku” to wash hands and mouth.
This will be “pure”, cleansed of all sins in order to report for “Kamisama” (sanctuary of the deity) in honorable terms.
□Ritual cleansing of hands and mouth□
Please rinse your hands and mouth before praying.
Please set your mind at ease.
Shifting the dipper from one hand to the other,rinse first your left,then right hand.
Rinse your mouth with water poured into the palm of your ldft hand.
Hold the dipper upright in both hands to rinse the handle with the remaining water.
Return the dipper to its original position.
Please refrain from drinking directly from the dipper.
5.Shimenawa – 注連縄
“Shimenawa” is traditionally a braided rope from left to right to help rice straw (sometimes plastic fiber). It is a sacred object that represents a field, a place or a sacred object. It is very common to see them in sanctuaries clinging to buildings, but also hung on the doors of houses at events such as the New Year.
With the role of the barrier separating (Yashiro), God and world in the Shinto shrine now.
Also fence with a rope around the shrine, or object of worship, or sanctuary in there preventing misfortune and evil.
God dwells here, such as Mitamashiro or Yorishiro.
In ancient Shinto sanctuaries is that underworld is earthly and worldly social reality means, depending on the location become signs of somebody represents this two worlds edge boundary or barrier rope.
“Shimenawa” spied mountain boulders or spring, trees, sea rocks “rocks”, etc. Also on new year’s in Japan, gate houses, porches and doorways, and “yokozuna” can tighten the special wrestler elected Sumo highest rank of “Ozeki” in the barrier “Shimekazari,” car or bike to also rope 1 form, exorcises evil and misfortune, but also in the rope. Where lightning struck as paddy still green bamboo fence, rope, wishes good harvest traditionally remains around.
6.Emakake – 絵馬掛け
“Ema”, in painted shrines and temples to pray when the wooden planks. Or dedication to its reward when true wish was to pray in temples and shrines.
Painted horses and as a votive dedication to individuals for small, prayer content and your name, write in the margins or on the back, are sold at temples and shrines.
In large wooden plaque dedication at the large number of people, such as painted in the artist dedication are also there.
About small things many of the Pentagon (House type), but this is in the remnant once wore a roof onto the plate.
“Emakake” is hanging wishes. “Ema”.
That was “Zoku Nihon Shoki” dedicated horse as a vehicle of God, jimba is written.
However, to become instead gradually made of wood, paper, dirt horse statue is not dedicated to the horse, now be replaced with a picture of horse drawn plates from the Heian period.
7.Koma-inu – 狛犬
Beast resembling a lion or dog guardian “Komainu” and Japan, and imaginary creatures.
Often placed in turn as pairs. private on both sides of the entrance of the shrine or temple, or shrines to protect worshippers and head-on.
And the hornless lion and the corner of guardian and pairs.
Lion is initially introduced to Japan in the Asuka era, which was similar to the figure of the left and right.
But the statue of the lion with the Heian era, each with a different appearance and guardian and placed in pairs, called komainu statues of dogs only narrowly.
Femtotechnology are referred to as guardian, along with two current.
As a guardian beast of the acts as well as lion, guardian deities and wild boar, Dragon, Fox, Wolf, Tiger, these animals are called as messengers of God in Shinto.
If certain animals is the Messenger of God adopted by the shrine in this Shinto.
8.Suzu – 鈴
Many shrines are carried copper or brass large Bell to directly above the center of the worship place.
Along with this Bell hanging fabrics or hemp rope, red and white, colors, such as worshippers waved moving this ring the Bell, praying.
Bell built the shrine, worshippers to humbling in its fresh sound worshippers, believed and hoped the fire of the Holy Spirit.
It is also, by Bell during the dancing Priestess dedicating to God dances with the same meaning.
Old dance Priestess dedicating to God by fanatic and has told people about God’s will, was assumed to be required for this.
9.Saisenbako – 賽銭箱
Worshippers up the money in the “box” the shrine if 2 bow, 2 applaud and 1 bow, Temple and bowed and closed her eyes while chanting in mind wishes to the gods, thank you.
Jizo “box” does not exist or the object of worship ago, sometimes by worshippers placed coins;
Coins placed in front of the statues, Buddha images are exhibited in the Museum, “Please do not offering” and noted that even if you have.
Let sin in sound theory and theory is not offering the price get to listen to and let go of the entrusted money themselves innocent from blame “Susanoonomikoto” crime, devoted to victims and compensation, redeemed the sin of “Nihon Shoki” and the Offertory box into a coin (same as Bell) and is.
10.Haiden – 拝殿
“Haiden” is a shrine for worship, Shinto priest, such as seated during the ritual. Many are void.
The visitors usually visit the shrine to watch in this sanctuary, hit visits to general applause in front of Haiden. If subjected to prayer rises to the sanctuary.
Sanctuary was built, generally larger than the main, General of flooring. Middle floor, is also passable “Warihaiden” (Sakurai shrine has become a national treasure are prominent).
That also doubles as a dance hall, Kagura-den and Office.
Depending on the shrine is not (Kasuga Taisha Shrine and Ise-Jingu Shrine) and the two have so far (such as Fushimi Inari Taisha Shrine Meiji Jingu);
If there are two front “outside Haiden (Gehaiden)” and called the stuff back ” inside Haiden (naihaiden)” and calls. “Bell (Suzu no O)” and “Waniguchi” there.
11.Heiden – 幣殿
“Heiden”, performs a ritual, a shrine dedicated to the offerings to the God.
Characterized by is located between the “Honden” and “Haiden”, which would connect the two structures.
There are independent “Heiden”. In addition, “Haiden” and be coupled with “Heiden”. There is no “Heiden” shrine.
“Gongen-zukuri”, “Heiden” is lower than the “Honden” and “Haiden”, called “Ishi no Ma”.
12.Honden – 本殿
“Honden” is the most sacred building, in the heart of the sanctuary. Also called “Shinden”.
Many smaller than the Haiden for main Honden are not intended to go inside the person, usually located behind the haiden.
Unlike Buddhism, no picture. If a Shinto sacred amulet 3.
According to tradition, it is three “Amaterasu” bestowed “Ninigi” amulet.
These three main amulets are as follows.
-Sacred Mirrors “Yatanokagami” (is the Museum of the Grand shrine of Ise-jingu Shrine. ）
-Magic sword “Amenomurakumonotsurugi” (the symbol of the armed forces of the emperor. Is the Museum of Atsuta-jingu Shrine. ）
-Magatama “Yasakaninomagatama” (three sacred treasures in the Imperial Palace in real. ）
That has succeeded the former Emperor of Japan three treasures.
“Honden” is rarely open as a religious festival, opening of the door is in the sanctuary during the most important moments.
“Honden” does not exist in very rare cases.
“Honden” is usually the highest sanctuary building, are often surrounded by sacred enclosure.
In-pull for good or bad fortune “Omikuji”.
How to draw OMKUJI (a written fortune)
- While praying for your wish, shake the box politely a few times.
A stick marked fortune number will come out.
- Make sure your number and put the stick back.
- Take out a sheet of OMIKUJI from the drawer of your number ,take it home excepting for your bad fortune ,and tie your bad fortune.
When you draw good fortune ,you should not be careless and arrogant.
Even if bad fortune ,have no fear . Try to be modest and gentle.
Whether in good or bad fortune ,you should tenaciously do your best.
You can carve out your own fortune.
Contents of the Omikuji Prescription consists the following items.
-Description of Fortune (summary)
The base of fortune order is”Daikichi, Kichi, Chukichi, Shokichi,Kyo”.
On shrines and temples is the ratio of the amount of good fortune or bad luck, might reduce the misfortune in recent years.
As important, however, than fortune Fortune description what is spoken.
-Poems and Kanji poetry
By shrine Poem description of fortune, whole fortune representing in writing.
In the temple lot is accompanied by Kanji poems; Poem and description of fortune only in temples and shrines have been recorded there.
-Fall in love
-Change of address
And battling things, etc.